In order to first answer comprehensively the question out-of just how anthropologists explain relationship, we looked at several introductory anthropology messages regarding the collection, including:
From these texts, they turned into obvious that anthropologists endeavor whenever we did when it comes to choosing a very clear, common definition for relationship. This is because a beneficial universal meaning extremely will not can be found: wedding try state-of-the-art and you can takes on many meanings and you may varied strategies in the world.
I often think of a beneficial “conventional matrimony” given that that which is obtainable ranging from one and a lady; not, the idea of a same-sex union is actually maybe not a modern-day one
It will can be found between a person and you may a woman, a couple boys, a couple of ladies, a guy and you can numerous people (polygyny), and you can a woman and numerous males (polyandry). Polygamy try against the law in modern-day United states, but polyandry and you can polygyny is actually one another experienced various other societies to the country; yet not, polygyny is far more common. There’s no unmarried need having polygyny; instead, the context and you may setting vary one of communities and even in the exact same area. Particularly, from inside the a populated society for the Madagascar, plural spouses enjoy crucial governmental jobs; new king’s spouses serve as their local agents and so are a beneficial means of the fresh king supplying the well-known somebody a risk when you look at the the government.
In addition, from our browse they became obvious one marriage significantly changes into the Western communities than nonindustrial societies. When you look at the nonindustrial communities, marriage can be an effective way to convert strangers towards the loved ones and you can of making and you will maintaining private and you will political associations, relationships regarding attraction.” It is the notion of exogamy; exogamy keeps adaptive really worth since it allows the couple to help make more prevalent social networks. Relationship is much more off a group question when you look at the nonindustrial societies; when just one marries a wife, nonetheless they guess loans in order to a group of inside the-laws and regulations. It is inside the high contrast so you’re able to marriage in the united states, in which matrimony is more of individuals number. This was shown in my own interview with my mommy (Kim Gruffi); she said that ily wasn’t extremely a problem on her, and you can she try thinking about performing another type of friends.
In america, relationship depends on the idea one courtesy ily and so are meant to hop out the dated families trailing while they carry out a great brand new home on their own. To help you an enthusiastic outsider, this would hunt most unusual: Why would this new U.S., a nation that prides in itself towards the “family relations philosophy,” encourage the abandonment from family members toward production of separate home?
On the other hand, it’s important to just remember that , the new American top away from wedding are ethnocentric and does not work out the fresh assortment regarding relationship practices in the world.
Including, there’s widespread occurrence off ladies husbands or girl ong the fresh new Nuer, patrilineal pastoralists out-of Sudan, a woman struggling to have pupils may take a good “wife” which enters into sexual interactions having a guy to bear people
One or two almost every other crucial terminology anthropologists define regarding defining matrimony try bridewealth and you will bride to be provider. The thought of bride-to-be money makes up the fresh bride’s category toward death of the lady companionship and you may labor. What’s more, it makes the youngsters produced to your girl full users off their partner’s descent group. Bride to be services and makes reference to the thought of settlement: one of the San/Bushmen area for the southern area Africa, a different few generally speaking existence that have otherwise close to the bride’s friends. To compensate the fresh new bride’s family relations for an alternate the home of increase students for the first year out of ily. Through this program, marriage ties some one on the a much bigger community of people having just who he could be responsible oasis dating reddit.